banded sea krait habitat

Females are significantly larger, with an average total length of 1,420 mm (56 in) and a tail length of 145 mm (5.7 in). The yellow-lipped sea krait (Laticauda colubrina), also known as the banded sea krait, colubrine sea krait, is a species of venomous sea snake found in tropical Indo-Pacific oceanic waters. Black rings of about uniform width are present throughout the length of the snake, but the rings narrow or are interrupted at the belly. [3] The tail of the snake is paddle-shaped and adapted to swimming. [3], The yellow-lipped sea krait is widespread throughout the eastern Indian Ocean and Western Pacific. [15], When a male detects a female, it chases the female and begins courtship. The snake has distinctive black stripes and a yellow snout, with a paddle-like tail for use in swimming. Mating occurs as he aligns himself along the body of the female. Sea birds, sharks, and some bony fishes feed on banded sea krait. Banded kraits may be seen in a variety of habitats, from the dry and moist deciduous forest, mangrove vegetation and tropical scrub to agricultural lands. [15], When a male detects a female, it chases the female and begins courtship. That’s not because they need to come ashore, which they don’t. Banded sea kraits do not have an Aquarium of the Pacific habitat. Black rings of about uniform width are present throughout the length of the snake, but the rings narrow or are interrupted at the belly.

Most sea snake bites occur when fishermen attempt to untangle the snakes from their fishing nets. The snake has distinctive black stripes and a yellow snout, with a paddle-like tail for use in swimming. [12][13], Yellow-lipped sea kraits primarily feed on varieties of eels, but also eat small fish. [6] In mice, lethal venom doses cause lethargy, flaccid paralysis, and convulsions in quick succession before death. [11], While probing crevices with their head, yellow-lipped sea kraits are unable to observe approaching predators and can be vulnerable. The yellow-lipped sea krait (Laticauda colubrina), also known as the banded sea krait, colubrine sea krait, is a species of venomous sea snake found in tropical Indo-Pacific oceanic waters. [4][14] After hunting, yellow-lipped sea kraits return to land in order to digest their prey. Taylor and Francis, London. "Commuting on the tropical tides: the life of the yellow-lipped sea krait. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yellow-lipped_sea_krait&oldid=959668996, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Voris, Harold K.; Voris, Helen H. (1999). [19], In the Philippines, yellow-lipped sea kraits are caught for their skin and meat; the meat is smoked and exported for use in Japanese cuisine. However, because of the differences in motion between crawling and swimming, these same adaptations impede the snake's terrestrial motion. Most snakes … Females are significantly larger, with an average total length of 1,420 mm (56 in) and a tail length of 145 mm (5.7 in). Males and females exhibit sexual dimorphism in hunting behavior, as adult females, which are significantly larger than males, prefer to hunt in deeper water for larger conger eels, while adult males hunt in shallower water for smaller moray eels.

The midbody is covered with 21 to 25 longitudinal rows of imbricate (overlapping) dorsal scales. [18] If they do bite, it is usually in self-defense when accidentally grabbed.

[10], Hunting is often performed alone, but L. colubrina may also do so in large numbers in the company of hunting parties of giant trevally and goatfish. On dry land, a yellow-lipped sea krait can still move, but, on average, at only slightly more than a fifth of its swimming speed. These adaptations are also found in more distantly related sea snakes (Hydrophiinae) because of convergent evolution. The yellow-lipped sea krait (Laticauda colubrina), also known as the banded sea krait, ... Distribution and habitat. [9], Yellow-lipped sea kraits collected near the tip of Borneo had heavy tick infections. They’re an aquatic, but not pelagic, sea snake. On land, they often hide in vegetation, under beach rocks, or in small crevices and caves. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. [12][13], Yellow-lipped sea kraits primarily feed on varieties of eels, but also eat small fish. They aren’t fast enough to chase after fast-moving fish, despite being well-adapted to the ocean. The black-banded sea krait (Laticauda semifasciata), also known commonly as the Chinese sea snake, is a species of venomous snake in the subfamily Laticaudinae of the family Elapidae.In Japan it is known as erabu umi hebi (ja:エラブウミヘビ), and in Okinawa as the irabu.It is found in most of the warm waters of the western Pacific Ocean. These adaptations are also found in more distantly related sea snakes (Hydrophiinae) because of convergent evolution. The snakes can deter predators, such as larger fish, sharks, and birds, by fooling them into thinking that their tail is their head, because the color and movement of the tail is similar to that of the snake's head. In addition, females hunt for only one prey item per foraging bout, while males often hunt for multiple items. [17] Yellow-lipped sea kraits are also attracted to light and can be distracted by artificial sources of light, including hotels and other buildings, on coasts. [20], © Moalboal Reef Species 2020 | Website by PAV. Many are found off the shore of small is­lands and they often hide in small crevices or under rocks. [3], The body of the snake is subcylindrical, and is taller than it is wide. [9], The yellow-lipped sea krait is oviparous, meaning it lays eggs that develop outside of the body. Sea kraits are unique among sea snakes. [11], While probing crevices with their head, yellow-lipped sea kraits are unable to observe approaching predators and can be vulnerable. The species is also common on Fiji and other Pacific islands within its range.

One study found that when yellow-lipped sea kraits on Fijian islands were relocated to different islands 5.3 km away, all recaptured individuals were found on their home islands in an average of 30.7 days. Many are found off the shore of small islands and they often hide in small crevices or under rocks. Habitat.

Males prefer to mate with larger females because they produce larger and more offspring. Geography. [3], The yellow-lipped sea krait is widespread throughout the eastern Indian Ocean and Western Pacific. Coastal waters of New Guinea, Pacific islands, Philippines, southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, and Japan. It has very potent neurotoxic venom which it uses to prey on eels and small fish. They inhabit termite mounds and rodent holes close to water, and often live near human settlements, especially villages, because of their supply of rodents and water. [7] Gymnothorax moray eels taken from the Caribbean, where yellow-lipped sea kraits are not endemic, died after injection with doses as small as 0.1 mg/kg body weight, but Gymnothorax individuals taken from New Guinea, where yellow-lipped sea kraits are endemic, were able to tolerate doses as large as 75 mg/kg without severe injury.

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