geoffrey chaucer facts

After his death, he was initially buried at the entrance going to St. Benedict Chapel, in the South Transept. Years later, out of growing interest in literature, Chaucer asked for temporary leave. Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 - 25 October 1400) was an English writer, poet, and philosopher.He is most famous for writing Canterbury Tales which had 24 stories but was not completed. He was one of the first writers to write in English. Portrait of Chaucer (19th century, held by the National Library of Wales), Chaucer as a pilgrim from the Ellesmere manuscript, Portrait of Chaucer (16th century), f.1 – BL Add MS 5141, Title page of Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, c. 1400, Portrait of Chaucer from a manuscript by Thomas Hoccleve, who may have met Chaucer, Engraving of Chaucer from Speght's edition, Interred in Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey, Chaucer is also commemorated by this stained glass window at Southwark Cathedral, Statue of Chaucer, dressed as a Canterbury pilgrim, on the corner of Best Lane and the High Street, Canterbury, Geoffrey Chaucer - Illustration from Cassell's History of England, 1902. He was then ransomed and released. The Canterbury Tales is the most celebrated work of Chaucer. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Built with all over the world Copyright © 1999–2020This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Please share. English literary geniuses like William Shakespeare, the Brontë sisters, Robert Browning, John Dryden, John Keats and Lord Byron were also included. The experts believe that the book probably was written around 1369 -1374. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the English Poet Geoffrey Chaucer across 22 wonderful pages. If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source. By 1599, after the death of Elizabethan poet Edmund Spenser, the tradition of Poets’ Corner at Westminster Abbey began. In 1556, his remains were transferred to a more ornate (better decorated) tomb, making him the first writer buried in the area now known as Poets' Corner. If you want to know the Father of English Literature, look at Facts about Geoffrey Chaucer. This download is exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members!To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download! Here are a few things you might not know about Chaucer: Canterbury Cathedral, destination of Chaucer's Pilgrims. Edward III later sent him on diplomatic missions to France, Genoa and Florence. The narrative poem tells of the tragic love story of Troilus, son of Priam, and Criseyde set during the Trojan War. Two years later, he became part of the English Army during the Hundred Years’ War against France. Originally, he meant to produce 120 stories but only 24 stories were finished, no character made it to Canterbury. O June 13, 1374, John Gaunt, the husband of Blanche of Lancaster gave Chaucer £10 annuity to create the elegy. Chaucer is famous for his collection of stories in verse called the Canterbury Tales. In 1357, he was a page to Elizabeth, Countess of Ulster, wife of Edward III's third son. He is considered the Father of English Poetry and the first to be buried at Poets’ Corner, in Westminster Abbey. It was a poem about the inauthentic quality of courtly love. He is considered the Father of English Poetry and the first to be buried at Poets’ Corner, in Westminster Abbey. However, not many details are known of his early life and education. Learn facts about Geoffrey Chaucer for kids. Chaucer was captured by the French during the Brittany expedition of 1359, but was ransomed by the king. He was also sent to Europe on several more diplomatic jobs for the king. Chaucer may have studied law in the Inner Temple. These are ready-to-use Geoffrey Chaucer worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Geoffrey Chaucer who was an English poet during the Middle Ages. Aside from wine trading, John also served as deputy to the king’s butler. He was born circa 1343 and died on October 25th, 1400. Young Geoffrey attended St. Paul’s Cathedral School where he encountered the writings of Virgil and Ovid, which would later influence his interest in literature. Chaucer was the first great poet writing in English, whose best-known work is 'The Canterbury Tales'. Read more. Geoffrey Chaucer was born around 1340 to 1344, in London, England. Most scholars agreed that Chaucer depicted Anne of Bohemia, Richard II’s wife, in his unfinished poem, after mentioning real-life royal palaces. Chaucer disappears from the historical record in 1400, and is thought to have died soon after. Chaucer showed maturity in writing by collecting 29 archetypes of late Medieval English society and wrote them with satirical wit. It was called The Book of The Duchess, and was written after the death of John of Gaunt's wife, Blanche. The experts believe that the book probably was written around 1369 -1374. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. However, Chaucer employed Middle English to write his works. In 1387, he began his most famous work, 'The Canterbury Tales', in which a diverse group of people recount stories to pass the time on a pilgrimage to Canterbury. He was also an author, astronomer, philosopher and alchemist. On St. George’s Day 1374, Edward III granted Geoffrey Chaucer a gallon of wine for every day for the … Facts about Geoffrey Chaucer 6: other early works of Chaucer . , Interesting facts about Geoffrey Chaucer you want to know. Philippa's sister, Katherine Swynford, later became the third wife of John of Gaunt, the king's fourth son and Chaucer's patron. It is believed that Chaucer could read French, Latin and Italian. Uncertain of the actual date, Chaucer’s The Legend of Good Women, introduced another style in writing English poetry. At the end of the year he lost his customs jobs. The gravestone of Chaucer became the center of the corner. Not ready to purchase a subscription? Click for more kids facts and information or download the worksheet collection. King Edward Gave Geoffrey a pension of 20 marks for his service with the Royal Service. This article provides a Short Biography, Facts and History about the life of Geoffrey Chaucer who is famous as the author of the Canterbury Tales. Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 - 25 October 1400) was an English writer, poet, and philosopher. Chaucer is mostly celebrated due to his work on The Canterbury Tales. Chaucer's first major work was 'The Book of the Duchess', an elegy for the first wife of his patron John of Gaunt. 855.330.1542, A Q&A with Expert Cassandra Potts Hannahs. He was also elected as one of two knights of the shire to be a member of parliament. KidsKonnect is a growing library of high-quality, printable worksheets for teachers and homeschoolers. Treatise on the Astrolabe is another prominent work of Chaucer. In 1389, Chaucer worked as Clerk of the Works in the Palace of Westminster Abbey. He was buried in Westminster Abbey. His travels exposed him to the work of authors such as Dante, Boccaccio and Froissart. Chaucer had different occupations during the middle Ages. He did this job for 12 years. He was also involved in the civil service as a diplomat, courtier and bureaucrat. He rented an apartment in the garden of St. Mary’s Chapel in Westminster. This book narrated an elegy for Blanche of Lancaster. Geoffrey Chaucer was born between 1340 and 1345, probably in London. He was an English poet. The King appointed him as the controller of customs of wools, skins, and hides in the port of London. The Canterbury Tales is arguably Geoffrey Chaucer’s most acclaimed and greatest work. But on 12 July 1389, he was made the Clerk of the Kings Works, looking after repairs to the royal palaces. The … It narrated the story about the fictional pilgrims. He was also the first poet to be buried in Poet's Corner of Westminster Abbey. It was a well paid job and Chaucer was quite rich. Geoffrey Chaucer was an English poet during the Middle Ages. Are you fascinated after reading facts about Geoffrey Chaucer? When Richard II became king, Chaucer continued to work in Customs. After his release, he joined the Royal Service and was sent on different diplomatic missions to France, Italy and Spain. In addition, the theme of his poem also reflected his marriage with Philippa for social standing. To find out more, see our, Geoffrey Chaucer Facts & Worksheets: Do you know that the first poet buried at Westminster Abbey in Poets’ Corner was Chaucer? Chaucer was also famous as an author, philosopher, alchemist and astronomer. He wrote in Middle English. The name Chaucer is French and means shoemaker. To find out more, see our cookie policy. This page was last modified on 10 October 2020, at 22:58. On October 25, 1400, Geoffrey Chaucer died of unknown causes, in London, England. Europe, Download now to find inspiration for your next journey, Sign up to learn more about our tours and special offers, read more about travel insuranceREAD MORE ››, Contact Us | Link will appear as Geoffrey Chaucer Facts & Worksheets: - KidsKonnect, March 14, 2018. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. In 1366, Chaucer married Philippa Roet, a lady-in-waiting to King Edward’s wife, and daughter of Sir Payne Roet, who would help Chaucer’s career. Illuminated manuscript of the prologue to 'The Canterbury Tales' 4) He was a POW during the Hundred Years' War, captured by France and later released after ransom was paid. They are thought to have had three or four children. Because of his royal connections, Chaucer was held for ransom by King Edward III. See the fact file below for more information on Geoffrey Chaucer or alternatively, you can download our 22 page Geoffrey Chaucer worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. In 1478 and 1483, William Caxton published the first two folios of The Canterbury Tales. We do not know any details of his early life and education. The only evidence for this date comes from the engraving on his tomb which was erected more than 100 years after his death. In 1357, Chaucer earned ample money as a public servant of Countess Elizabeth of Ulster, wife of the Duke of Clarence. Book lovers across the English-speaking world have Chaucer to thank for the widespread availability of all manner of literature in our native English. In 1399, when Richard II was overthrown by his cousin, Henry IV, Chaucer’s pension was reinstated. He became one of the king's esquires. 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