morocco city

The Moroccan government is heavily investing in tourism development, in 2010 the government launched its Vision 2020 which plans to make Morocco one of the top 20 tourist destinations in the world and to double the annual number of international arrivals to 20 million by 2020,[97] with the hope that tourism will then have risen to 20% of GDP. This is due to the diversity of climate and the precipitation patterns in the country. Rugby came to Morocco in the early 20th century, mainly by the French who occupied the country. Hundreds took part in a trade union rally in Casablanca in May 2012. High quality agricultural products are usually exported to Europe. The issue of lack of water connections for some of the urban poor is being addressed as part of the National Human Development Initiative, under which residents of informal settlements have received land titles and have fees waived that are normally paid to utilities in order to connect to the water and sewer network. Spectator sports in Morocco traditionally centered on the art of horsemanship until European sports—football, polo, swimming, and tennis—were introduced at the end of the 19th century. The remainder of the Jewish population is dispersed throughout the country. France allowed Mohammed V to return in 1955, and the negotiations that led to Moroccan independence began the following year. The Iberomaurusian was succeeded by the Beaker culture in Morocco. Fez has an interesting history, as it was a thriving center for a Jewish community in earlier historical times. Forested areas cover about 12% of the country while arable land accounts for 18%. It is found in the east of the country close to the border with Algeria. [52] A month later, Spain agreed to leave the Spanish Sahara, soon to become Western Sahara, and to transfer it to joint Moroccan-Mauritanian control, despite the objections and threats of military intervention by Algeria. 'The Western Kingdom'; Standard Moroccan Tamazight: ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ, romanized: tageldit n lmaɣrib), is a country located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Cloud forests can be found in the west of the Rif Mountains and Middle Atlas Mountains. [118][120], On 20 May 2015, less than a year after its inception, the Higher Council for Education, Training and Scientific Research presented a report to the king offering a Vision for Education in Morocco 2015–2030. Agadir, Essaouira, El Jadida, and Larache are among the important fishing harbors. The direct exposure to the North Atlantic Ocean, the proximity to mainland Europe and the long stretched Rif and Atlas mountains are the factors of the rather European-like climate in the northern half of the country. The constitution of 1996 theoretically allowed the king to terminate the tenure of any minister, and after consultation with the heads of the higher and lower Assemblies, to dissolve the Parliament, suspend the constitution, call for new elections, or rule by decree. In the valleys, fertile soils and high precipitation allow for the growth of thick and lush forests. Some of them are descendants of colonial settlers, who primarily work for European multinational companies, while others are married to Moroccans or are retirees. Despite the reforms made by Mohammed VI, demonstrators continued to call for deeper reforms. In 1971, there was a failed attempt to depose the king and establish a republic. In 1549, the region fell to successive Arab dynasties claiming descent from the Islamic prophet, Muhammad: first the Saadi dynasty who ruled from 1549 to 1659, and then the Alaouite dynasty, who remain in power since the 17th century. According to Ethnologue, as of 2016, there are 1,536,590 individuals (or approximately 4.5% of the population) in Morocco who speak Spanish. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, Sephardi Jews, West African and European influences. At the 1984 Olympic Games, two Moroccans won gold medals in track and field. Skeletal similarities have been suggested between the Iberomaurusian "Mechta-Afalou" burials and European Cro-Magnon remains. The latest parliamentary elections were held on November 25, 2011. Morocco is relatively inexpensive because of the devaluation of the dirham and the increase of hotel prices in Spain. The most popular drink is "atai", green tea with mint leaves and other ingredients. Salé is located adjacent to the Moroccan capital of Rabat. Trade of animals and plants for food, pets, medicinal purposes, souvenirs and photo props is common across Morocco, despite laws making much of it illegal. Relict populations of the West African crocodile persisted in the Draa river until the 20th century.[65]. North Central Morocco receives between 700 mm and up to 3500 mm. The most commonly eaten red meat in Morocco is beef; lamb is preferred but is relatively expensive. Morocco, mountainous country of western North Africa that lies directly across the Strait of Gibraltar from Spain. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties resisted foreign domination into the 17th century, allowing Morocco to remain the only northwest African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The decades previous to this time are called the Years of Lead (Les Années de Plomb), and included forced disappearances, assassinations of government opponents and protesters, and secret internment camps such as Tazmamart. Due to the conflict over Western Sahara, the status of the Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro regions is disputed. In May 2009, Morocco's prime minister, Abbas El Fassi, announced greater support for science during a meeting at the National Centre for Scientific and Technical Research. In 2006, the Spanish Premier Zapatero visited Spanish enclaves. Bakeries are very common throughout Morocco and fresh bread is a staple in every city, town and village. Government reforms and steady yearly growth in the region of 4–5% from 2000 to 2007, including 4.9% year-on-year growth in 2003–2007 helped the Moroccan economy to become much more robust compared to a few years earlier. Internal security is generally effective, and acts of political violence are rare (with one exception, the 2003 Casablanca bombings which killed 45 people[73]). (2012-04-12)", "Ain Beni Mathar, Morocco Solar Thermal Power Station Project", "Historique de la culture de cannabis au Maroc d'après l'UNODC", "Mildt – Mission interministérielle de lutte contre la drogue et la toxicomanie", "Population du Maroc par année civile (en milliers et au milieu de l'année) par milieu de résidence : 1960 – 2050", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Población extranjera por sexo, país de nacionalidad y edad (hasta 85 y más). During the 2011–2012 Moroccan protests, thousands of people rallied in Rabat and other cities calling for political reform and a new constitution curbing the powers of the king. The city features two ancient medinas, one of which—Fes el Bali—has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its intricate winding architecture of alleys, souks, courtyards, as well as for featuring the world’s oldest university. [145] English, while far behind French in terms of number of speakers, is the first foreign language of choice, since French is obligatory, among educated youth and professionals. It is located near the foot of the Atlas Mountains, and is also one of the country's Four Imperial Cities. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. [62] The avifauna of Morocco includes a total of 454 species, five of which have been introduced by humans, and 156 are rarely or accidentally seen. Sultan Mohammed became king in 1957. The Agadir Crisis of 1911 increased tensions between European powers. Some 592 people were recorded killed during Hassan's rule according to the truth commission. Although the latter is a soup, it is considered as a dish in itself and is served as such or with dates especially during the month of Ramadan. [113] In 2004, according to the UN World Drugs Report, cultivation and transformation of Cannabis represents 0.57% of the national GDP of Morocco in 2002. and two other cities,[clarification needed] to public municipal utilities in 13 other cities, as well as a national electricity and water company (ONEE). [128] Also prior to independence, Morocco was home to 250,000 Spaniards.

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